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The taintedblood Timeline  -  what really happened...

"To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay, right or justice."
Magna Carta - 15th June, 1215

 
No of entries selected: 12 of 711
1984
April
National Institutes of Health (USA)
The National Institutes of Health develops and patents a prototype screening test for HIV antibodies and, by May, has solicited applications from various US manufacturers interested in the commercial use of the tests.
Source: Krever Commission Report (1997), Vol 3, Part IV, Chap. 27, page 765.
Type: Prototype Screen Test / NIH
Location: USA
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1984
1 September
Chiengsong Popov et al
Chiengsong Popov and others in the Lancet announce reliable tests for HIV:

34% of tested English haemophiliacs have virus.

Source: Haemophiliac HIV Litigation, Advice on Settlement Document, Appendix 1, Chronology, pp 56-58.
Type: The Lancet
Location: UK
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1985
January
FDA - First AIDS Antibody Test for Screening
The FDA approves the first AIDS antibody test, which is immediately used to screen the USA's blood banks.
Source: Link #1
Type: Testing Development
Location: USA
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1985
March
FDA Informs United Kingdom DHSS of New Testing Requirements
Blood is now routinely tested in the United States, and the FDA informs the UK's DHSS of these new requirements.
Source: Haemophiliac HIV Litigation, Advice on Settlement Document, Appendix 1, Chronology, pp 56-58.
Type: New requirements
Location: USA
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1985
March (late)
ELISA Testing
Testing for HIV with the new ELISA test begins late March 1985.
Source: Krever Commission Report (1997), Vol 3, Part IV, Chap. 27, page 768.
Type: ELISA Testing
Location: USA
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1985
May
HIV Antibody Testing
HIV-antibody testing begins in the USA.
Source: Krever Commission Report (1997), Vol 3, Part IV, International Milestones: HIV and AIDS 1981-8.
Type: Testing Development
Location: USA
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1985
June
American Association of Blood Banks, Red Cross, Council of Community Blood Centers
HIV testing is implemented by the American Association of Blood Banks, the Red Cross, and the Council of Community Blood Centers.

They release recommendations for notifying donors testing positive for the test as well as recipients of previous donations from infected individuals.

Source: Krever Commission Report (1997), Vol 3, Part IV, Chap. 27, page 774.
Type: HIV Testing Development
Location: USA
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1985
15 October
BTSB - Commences Donor Testing for HIV
On 15th October 1985 the Blood Transfusion Services Board commences the testing of donors for HIV.
Source: Lindsay Tribunal Report. Page 52
Type: Screening development
Location: UK
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1987
March
Blood Banks / CDC - Recommendation that Patients be Tested
Blood banks endorse the CDC's recommendation that patients transfused between 1978 and April of 1985 be tested.
Source: Krever Commission Report (1997), Vol 3, Part IV, International Milestones: HIV and AIDS 1981-8.
Type: Endorsement
Location: USA
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1987
December
Plasma Testing Centres
Testing of HIV only becomes mandatory in US plasma centers in December 1987.
Source: Krever Commission Report (1997), Vol 3, Part IV, Chap. 27, page 768.
Type: Testing Development
Location: USA
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2003
14 April
Newcastle Journal - HCV Tests Kept Secret
Claims that hundreds of hospital patients were secretly tested for a killer disease and then kept in the dark for up to 6 years about the results are to be investigated by the GMC.

Lord Morris, president of the Haemophilia Society, said: "At the very least the Government has a moral responsibility to compensate these people. With every new piece of information that comes to light the need for a public inquiry increases."

Source:
Type: National Press
Location: UK
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2003
14 April
icNewcastle The Journal - Consent - Right to Refuse Permission for Tests
GMC guidelines state health professionals "must obtain consent before testing for a serious communicable disease. Some conditions, such as HIV, have serious social and financial, as well as medical, implications. In such cases, you must make sure that the patient is given appropriate information about the implications of the test, and appropriate time to consider and discuss them."

GMC guidelines state that even for the purposes of research, patients must be given full counselling and the right to refuse permission for the test.

Also, in cases where a patient is in denial about his or her illness, the GMC states that a doctor has a duty to disclose that information.

Source:
Type: National Press
Location: UK
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