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The taintedblood Timeline  -  what really happened...

"To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay, right or justice."
Magna Carta - 15th June, 1215

 
No of entries selected: 7 of 711
1975
August
Travenol Hemofil - Outbreak of Hepatitis B
In August 1975, Travenol withdraws Hemofil after the product is associated with an outbreak of Hepatitis B. It is recognised that commercial factor concentrates are associated with these outbreaks.
Source: Lindsay Tribunal Report. Pages 65, 175-176, 274.
Type: Product Withdrawal - Hemofil
Location: UK
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1975
2 August
Dr Craske, et al
Dr Craske, et al, report in Lancet an outbreak of hepatitis in England that shows that commercial concentrate is more risky than NHS concentrate.
Source: HIV Litigation, Advice on Settlement Document, Appendix 1, Chronology, pp 56-58.
Type: Lancet report
Location: UK
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1975
2 August
Dr Craske, et al. - Hepatitis Outbreak - Commercial Factor VIII
At a haemophilia centre in Bournemouth, there is an outbreak of hepatitis which is associated with 3 out of 4 batches of a commercial brand of freeze-dried factor VIII concentrate between the months of April and June 1974.
  • 18 out of 20 patients receive commercial factor VIII
  • 9 patients become ill out of a total of 18
  • there are 4 cases of hepatitis B within 6 months of product use
  • there are 7 cases of non-B hepatitis
  • 2 of the patients contract both types of hepatitis
Source: Link #1
Type: Lancet Article - Hepatitis Outbreak
Location: UK
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1975
Autumn
Hepatitis B Outbreak in Haemophiliac Boys at the Lord Mayor Treloar School, Alton
In the Autumn of 1975, there is an outbreak of hepatitis B infections among haemophiliac pupils at the Lord Mayor Treloar College in Alton, Hampshire.

We know from the witness testimony of a former pupil who was in his second year at the school in 1975, that the epidemic down in Alton concerned hepatitis B infections and the outbreak involved around ten boys from the school. One of them was in his dormitory and, by coincidence, the morning the outbreak was registered was the same morning of the school medical, and he woke up looking yellow-faced. The boys involved were informed that it would take around 6 months for them to fully recover.

Note: It is disconcerting to learn that all of the infected boys were forced to endure the stigma of having small red spots (as markers) put on their meal plates and were required to specifically hand their marked plates in to canteen staff, in person, in order for them to be sterilised.

Source: Former Member of the Lord Mayor Treloar College.
Type: Testimony of Former Member of the Lord Mayor Treloar College in their second year with reference to Autumn 1975.
Location: UK
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1976
27 July
BPL Elstree - Trial of FVIII Concentrates in Lord Mayor Treloar College
In a document called "Blood Products and Plasma Fractionation Laboratories", it states on page 4 that there is an active collaboration between Elstree and Oxford in 3 clinical investigations (TRIALS):

"Trial of factor VIII concentrate in prophylaxis BPL Elstree, Lord Mayor Treloar College, Alton." (page 4, paragraph 4)

Note: We have to wonder whether the pupils' or parents' consent was gained prior to a trial being conducted in a school? Using a new medicine for the sake of improved health, or improved yield of Factor VIII is one thing, but using the new concentrates as part of trials connected to a collaborative study is quite another.

Source:
Type: Recovered Document - Collaborative Trials
Location: UK
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1979
14 May
PHLS Suggestion to Use Hepatitis-Implicated Factor VIII in the Treloar School
In a letter to the PHLS from Dr A. Aronstam of the Lord Mayor Treloar Hospital, it is clear in May 1979, that there is an intention from the Public Health Laboratory Service (PHLS) of transfusing mild haemophiliacs with a questionable Factor VIII 'material' which would have caused mild haemophiliac patients to develop hepatitis.

Dr Aronstam strongly disagrees with the PHLS suggestion:

"We have not had any cases of hepatitis following N.H.S. Factor VIII. As far as your suggestion about transfusing mild haemophiliacs with this material is concerned, I totally disagree with this concept. I do not wish any of my mild haemophiliacs to develop hepatitis in any form and therefore adopt the policy of either using D.D.A.V.P. or Cryoprecipitate."

Note: It should be pointed out that the Lord Mayor Treloar College was in fact a boarding school for children. It is disturbing to read that the PHLS were trying to persuade the school to adopt some other type of Factor VIII material which would have caused the pupils to develop hepatitis.

What on earth was the PHLS doing contacting a school to 'promote' hazardous medicines?

Source:
Type: Recovered Document - Letter to PHLS from Dr A Aronstam of the Lord Mayor Treloar Hospital. Dated 14th May 1979
Location: UK
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1981
1 February
Treloar School Alton - 10 Children Contract Hepatitis from Commercial Factor VIII
UK Health ministers are warned about the dangers of importing contaminated blood products from the United States:

In February 1981, 10 children at the Treloar specialist school in Alton, Hampshire are infected with hepatitis from contaminated Factor VIII in what we believe to be a second outbreak of hepatitis B. There then follows a warning regarding infected Factor VIII supplies being imported from the USA.

The Department of Health admitted at the time that they knew there was a risk of infection and the then Health Minister, Dr Gerard Vaughan, claimed that the 1.29m being invested in the BPL Elstree would resolve the problem.

Note: We have to wonder if this second outbreak of hepatitis was as a direct consequence of an approach made by the Public Health Laboratory Service (PHLS) two years earlier on 14th May 1979? We can determine from documentation that there was the intention from the PHLS of transfusing mild haemophiliacs with a Factor VIII 'material' which would have caused mild haemophiliac children to go on to develop hepatitis.

In a reply letter of May 1979 to the PHLS from Dr A. Aronstam of the Lord Mayor Treloar Hospital, we read that Dr Aronstam totally disagreed with the PHLS' suggested concept and he adamantly stated that he did not wish any of his mild haemophiliacs to develop hepatitis in any form.

Source: Additional Source:
Link #2
Type: Guardian Article, Circa 1983. Extra 30m could have kept out AIDS. Andrew Veitch Medical Correspondent
Location: UK
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